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Piriformis muscle

Updated: Oct 11

The piriformis ([TA]: musculus piriformis) or pyramidal muscle of the pelvis is a muscle found deep in the gluteal region; It is flattened and triangular in shape with an external vertex.


Inside it originates from the lateral aspect of the sacral bone and major sacrocytic ligament, it is inserted at the upper edge of the greater trochanter. It is innervated by the proper branch of the sacral plexus. Its function is the extension, external rotation and abduction of the femur when the pelvis is fixed.

Symptoms of piriformis syndrome often worsen after long sitting, walking, or running, and may improve after lying on your back.

  • a dull ache in the buttocks

  • pain that runs down the back of the thigh, calf, and foot (sciatica)

  • pain when climbing stairs or slopes increased pain after sitting for a long time

  • reduced range of motion in the hip joint TREATMENT

  • Exercises for range of motion Personalized program with stretching and range-of-motion exercises to help elongate muscle and decrease spasms.

  • Deep Tissue Massage (manual release) is believed to improve the healing process by increasing blood flow to the area and decreasing muscle spasm.




Kyros Therapy - Sports & Recovery

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